How do under eye patches target dark circles, puffiness and fine lines?
The popular benefits you receive from wearing an under-eye mask fully depends on the ingredients infused into the patches.
Under-eye masks for dark circles
While you can splurge on expensive under-eye creams and patches, both King and Engelman noted your under-eye circles are in some ways genetic and based on how your face is structured. “Genetics play a large role because dark circles are often the result of shadowing caused by our bone and fat structure — your facial contours will determine where shadows fall,” said King. Engelman added, “The darkness that is perceived is often the result of the underlying vasculature that is lying right underneath thin, translucent skin.” If you look at your inner wrist below the palm, that’s not blue skin, Engelman explained. The thin skin shows veins through it — it’s called the Tyndall Effect. “Traits that contribute to thin or pale skin or more pigment, slowing movement of blood, will increase the appearance of dark circles,” she said.
Under-eye masks to treat puffiness
Puffiness can come from either fluid or from a fat pad. “If you notice that the puffiness is worse in the morning and better by evening, and worse some days than others, then your puffiness is probably from fluid,” said King. Her remedy is to drink more water, eat less salt and sleep propped up on a couple of pillows so the fluid does not all collect in the under-eye area. “Hormonal status will also affect your fluid retention and, if this is an ongoing issue for you, then you may consider an oral contraceptive that has a diuretic effect,” said King.
Allergies can also contribute to puffiness, “in which case an oral antihistamine may be helpful.” If your eye bags are consistent then it is more likely the result of anatomy — a fat pad that has become lower over time, according to King. “The only real fix for this kind of problem is surgery: a lower lid blepharoplasty. A radio frequency device called the Venus Freeze may offer temporary improvement in the appearance,” she added.
Under-eye masks for fine lines and wrinkles
King said to look out for humectants such as hyaluronic acid to hydrate the skin and make your skin look plumper, which can temporarily soften the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Anti-aging peptides, growth factors and retinol can help stimulate collagen and elastin production to help reduce fine lines over time. Just be sure to use the products regularly for best results, advised King.